Billing and Reimbursement Manual
The Billing and Reimbursement Manual is BWC’s manual of provider reimbursement policies. This publication is updated quarterly
and is typically referred to as the BRM.
There are two types of E-codes. One is part of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) coding system, while the other is included in the
Healthcare Common Procedural Coding System (HCPCS) Level II. It is important for medical providers to understand the distinctions between these codes.
ICD E-codes describe the mechanisms of injury. Examples of these codes include motor vehicle accidents, water transportation accidents and accidental poisonings.
BWC does not accept ICD E-codes as a primary diagnosis; instead, a written description of the mechanism of injury is required. However, ICD E-codes can be accepted as a
secondary ICD only on inpatient bills.
HCPCS Level II E-codes are used for describing and billing durable medical equipment (DME). BWC accepts E-codes on both inpatient and outpatient bills.
Group Affiliations/Pay-to Number
Medical providers are sometimes affiliated with one or more group practices. When submitting bills to
a third-party payor (such as BWC), these groups typically receive the reimbursement that is issued. In
turn, the group compensates the servicing provider. To expedite reimbursement for services rendered to
injured workers, a pay to provider (i.e., who should receive direct payment) and a servicing provider
(i.e., the individual provider that treated the injured worker) must be identified on all medical bills.
Health Care Finance Administration (HCFA)
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), formerly know as the the Health Care Finance
Administration (HCFA), is a federal agency that is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
CMS is responsible for a variety of national health-care functions, including the administration of Medicare
and Medicaid, and the performance of regulatory and research functions impacting our nation's health-care
system. Ohio's workers' compensation system relies on CMS to provide us with Resource Based Relative Value
Scale (RBRVS) data for our provider fee schedule, research on quality measures and best practices, and
nationally mandated standards, such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
Health Care Procedure Coding System (HCPCS)
The HCPCS is comprised of three levels of five-digit codes. Level I is used for reporting medical
services and procedures; Level II is used for reporting durable medical equipment, dental vision and
other services; and Level III is used for reporting services specific to Ohio workers’ compensation.
Inpatient and Outpatient Bills
Inpatient bills are bills submitted for reimbursement of services related to hospital stays (i.e.,
room charges, operating room, etc.). Outpatient bills are bills submitted for reimbursement of
outpatient medical services (i.e., services not involving hospital admission, such as minor surgery).
Use the nationally standardized UB-92 form or an electronic equivalent to submit inpatient and
Managed Care Organization (MCO) Panel Amount
Under the Ohio Administrative Code, providers that belong to a MCO provider panel are reimbursed at
the lesser of their billed charges, the BWC fee schedule amount, or the MCO panel amount. While MCOs
do not establish fees, they can discount the BWC fee schedule amount for their panel providers, which
the provider agrees to when a contract for panel participation is established.
Resource Based Relative Value Scale (RBRVS)
RBRVS is a nationally accepted medical provider reimbursement methodology. BWC uses RBRVS in its
calculation of its provider fee schedule.
An itemized listing of bills paid or denied during the payment process.
Unbundling charges is the practice of separating and billing for the individual components of a medical
service rather than correctly billing with an all-inclusive procedure code. Unbundling is often done in
error, although it is sometimes performed intentionally to maximize reimbursement. In either case,
unbundling charges is strictly prohibited. Therefore, neither BWC nor the managed care organizations
will reimburse for charges that have been unbundled.
There are two types of V-codes. One is part of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
coding system, while the other is included in the Healthcare Common Procedural Coding System (HCPCS)
Level II. It is important for medical providers to understand the distinctions between these codes.
ICD V-codes are codes used for describing circumstances that cannot be classified by using ICD codes
000 – 999. For billing purposes, BWC can accept V-codes as a principal diagnosis on inpatient and
outpatient bills. Additionally, V-codes cannot be considered as conditions in the claim.
HCPCS Level II V-codes are used for describing and billing vision and hearing services. BWC accepts V
codes on both inpatient and outpatient bills.