BWC/OSU Push/Pull Guidelines*


  1. Use a force gauge to measure the maximum force (pushing or pulling) needed in the task. This is the measured force. The maximum force is usually the starting force, but may be the uphill force for tasks on a slope.
    Force gauge
    Measuring push force
    Measuring pull force
    Force gauge
    Measuring push force
    Measuring pull force
  2. Record the height of the hands (where the worker's hands would normally be on the handle).
  3. Enter the data in the fields below.
  4. Click Submit. A window will open with the guideline results.
1 hand = Person uses only 1 hand when pulling.
2 hands = Person uses 2 hands when pushing/pulling.

Type of exertion
Straight = Push or pull along a straight path.
Turning = Push or pull along a curved path (Example: going around a corner).
If path has both straight and curved sections, select Turning for the type of exertion.

Measured from the floor to height of worker's hand (knuckles) on the handle.
Hand height

Results

According to the guideline, your task is safe for at least 80% of the population.

Results

According to the guideline, your task is safe for 50-80% of the population. It is suggested that you make changes to the task to make it safer for more people.

Results

According to the guideline, your task is safe for <50% of the population. It is strongly recommended that you make changes to the task to make it safer for more people.

*Guidelines developed by The Ohio State University with a research grant from BWC.