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OhioBWC - Basics:  Industrial Commission (IC)

The Industrial Commission of Ohio (IC)

The Industrial Commission of Ohio (IC) is an impartial agency, that works in conjunction with BWC, and provides a forum for resolving disputes on disputed claims issues. Specific issues are referred to the IC if all parties do not agree on a particular issue or if a party appeals a BWC decision.

The IC is comprised of three hearing levels.

  • District hearing officer (DHO) - The first level hearing is held before a DHO. He or she has the authority to modify, vacate or affirm a BWC order. The DHO will hear a disputed issue or claim within 45 days after the filing date of the appeal and issue an order within seven days of the hearing.
  • Staff hearing officer (SHO) - If any party disagrees with the DHO decision, the party can file an appeal within 14 days of the receipt of the order and go to a second level hearing before an SHO. He or she may issue a brand new decision, modify, vacate or affirm a DHO decision. The SHO will hold a hearing within 45 days following the date of the appeal and issue an order no later than seven days after the hearing.
  • IC Commissioners' Panel - If a party disagrees with the SHO decision, the party can file an appeal within 14 days of the receipt of the order. These appeals go to the IC commissioners or a deputy of the IC. An appeal to this level does not automatically result in a hearing and the IC commissioners will determine whether to hear an appeal on a case-by-case basis.
    If an appeal is heard, a hearing will be held within 45 days after the filing date of the appeal. An order will be issued no later than seven days after the hearing. If the commissioners decide not to hear an appeal, an order will be issued within 14 days of the appeal's filing date.
  • Once the IC decision becomes final, with the exception of those determining the extent of disability, parties who are dissatisfied with the decision also have the right to take an issue into the court system.



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